Caring For Your Equine
*Vaccines *Deworming *Hoof Care *Dental Care
Equine Influenza-This is a bacterial infection transmitted by inhalation of respiratory secretions from other horses. It is highly contagious and spreads rapidly among susceptible horses. Symptoms begin abruptly and include high fever, nasal discharge, swollen lymph nodes and a dry/harsh/nonproductive cough. Vaccinate every 6 months.
Equine Rhinopneumonitis– Caused by a herpes virus (EHV-1) that is similar to the one causing the common cold in humans. This is an acute, highly contagious respiratory infection in young horses. Can also cause abortion in pregnant mares. This viral infection is transmitted in nasal discharge, saliva and blood. Vaccinate every 6 months.
West Nile– Is a viral infection transmitted by an infectious mosquito. This virus causes inflammation of the brain in horses and can result in damage to the central nervous system and death. Symptoms include difficulty walking, muscle tremors, head tilt, and other neurological symptoms. Vaccinate every 12 months.
VEWT– (Venezuelan/Eastern/Western Equine Encephalomyelitis) – The 3 strains of this viral infection are transmitted mainly by mosquitoes. This fatal infection causes inflammation of the brain and spinal cord. Symptoms include increased temperature, listlessness and loss of appetite. Tetanus- is an acute, often fatal disease caused by the bacteria found in soil. The bacteria produce a toxin which affects the central nervous system. Symptoms include extreme sensitivity, nervousness, protrusion of the third eyelid and stiff gait. Vaccinate every 12 months.
Rabies– A viral infection contracted from an infected animal (common carriers are skunks, raccoons, and opossums). Symptoms include neurologic malfunction or aggression. Disease is fatal. Vaccinate every 12 months.
Strangles– A highly contagious bacterial infection transmitted through nasal discharge of afflicted horses as well as the pus that is released from the abscesses. The bacteria attach to the lymph nodes around the back of the throat and under the jaw causing abscess to form. Symptoms include loss of appetite, fever, swollen lymph nodes and a very thick, cloudy nasal discharge that has a foul odor. Vaccinate every 12 months.
Deworming- A number a different parasites live within the intestine of the horse. Heavy worm burdens can cause colic and diarrhea. A routine fecal egg count is beneficial in monitoring of parasite status. Prophylactic deworming helps to suppress the fecal egg count.
Hoof Care- Proper hoof care is imperative to the soundness of your horse. This will reduce the chances of hoof abscesses, cracked hoof walls and skeletal changes within the hoof capsule. It is highly recommended for your horse to be seen by a farrier once every 6-8 weeks.
Dental Care- Horses teeth continuously erupt throughout the majority of their lives. As he eats the teeth are worn down. During this process the teeth can become misaligned and form “hooks.” Without proper dental care, severe health issues can occur due to the inability to properly chew their food. Routine dental exams (floating teeth) should be performed every 12 months.